Cashew industry calls for ban on raw exports
Industries in the cashew sector in Nampula are demanding the revision of the legislation related to the sector as a way to ensure some protection for the industry and guarantee the supply of nuts to processing units.
Year-round operation of factories would ensure that the industry can earn taxable income, as well as guaranteeing jobs – which in turn improve the living conditions of the population.
Yunus Mahomed, president of the Cashew Industry Association (AICAJU), said recently that it is vital to stop the export of raw cashew nuts, which threatened to paralyse factories for lack of raw materials.
According to the Notícias report, buyers from India, Pakistan and Bangladesh are visiting Nampula at harvest time to buy the product directly from the producer. This creates imbalances in the market and constitutes unfair competition for cashew traders and industrialists in Nampula because of the high prices paid for the nuts.
In order to export the raw product, Asian operators declare the cashew nuts as beans to deceive the customs and port authorities. Where successful, this costs the State large sums, since it avoids the 19% export surcharge.
Nampula has a total of 33 cashew nut processing factories, of which 12 are in operation, employing about 13,500 workers. Thirteen factories have been closed due to lack of raw materials, despite the province’s production averaging 30,000-tons per year.
Under a recently launched cashew marketing campaign, the province of Nampula proposes to buy about 44,000tons to supply the factories, with the main objective of securing jobs and revenue collection.
Responding to the cashew industry’s concern, the Minister of Industry and Trade, Ernesto Tonela, said on a recent visit to Nampula that his Ministry and that of Agriculture and Food Security would meet soon to discuss strategies for solving the problem.
He confirmed that he had received complaints from AICAJU concerning false declarations in the export of cashew nuts from the Port of Nacala, promising a serious approach in an appropriate forum, because, in his words, “the State should not be damaged”.
Mozambique to supplement papaya supply to South Africa
Papaya production in the Mpumalanga region of South Africa has just past the peak production period. The drought and high temperatures have had an influence on the volumes and quality.
“We had a decreased volume due to the drought and a few quality issues”, explains Lean van Schalkwyk from Neofresh, the main supplier of Papaya to the South African retail market. “We still had decent volumes though, on par with last year”.
The annual volume should be in line with the previous season, and if it hadn’t been for the drought, the volumes would have been higher, according to van Schalkwyk.
Neofresh has an external grower and exclusive supplier, Carthage Limitada, in Mozambique. They will produce commercial volumes of Papaya for the first-time early next year. “It is going very well and the first fruit should be harvested around January. Carthage is busy building the packhouse and getting everything in place for the start of the season”, said van Schalkwyk.
Neofresh has a year-round supply of Papaya, but there are peaks and drops at certain times and supplies from Mozambique will help when there are dips in the South African supply.
“Farming in Mozambique is not cheaper compared to farming in South Africa as one must also to take into account the additional costs of producing in a different country, some of which are extra logistical and establishment costs”, say van Schalkwyk.
Papino and Neo Essence are the company’s two main varieties, but Neofresh is busy conducting trials with other cultivars to see how they perform.
“The Papino and Neo Essence have a very good reputation in the markets with good shelf life and very good eating quality. They are doing very well”.
“Papaya is still an exotic fruit, not a mainstream product, but this is changing to a degree”, according to van Schalkwyk. “We are exporting weekly between the UK and Middle East. We are also looking to see if we can do it via sea freight in the future which would reduce our costs, but at the moment the journey is just too long. We are looking at different post-harvest and packing technologies”.
Source: Fresh Plaza
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