A new model by Oxford University, published in the journal eLife, takes a look at the most likely explanation for the spread of Ebola. This was because, as the university findings said, until this year’s epidemic, Ebola did not exist in West Africa. And scientists still don’t fully understand how Ebola arrived from Central Africa, where outbreaks of this strain of the virus had occurred in the past.
An explanation, according to Oxford Uni, is that Ebola’s animal reservoir, fruit bats, could spread the disease in the animal kingdom and to humans through the dense forest that spans 22 countries. And this led to the Oxford prediction that 15 countries are therefore at risk of animal-to-human transmission of Ebola by virtue of their geography. They are: Nigeria, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Ghana, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Angola, Togo, United Republic of Tanzania, Ethiopia, Mozambique, Burundi, Equatorial Guinea, Madagascar and Malawi.
Sources: eLife, Washington Post
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